First Female to Complete The Boston Marathon in 1967- after almost being forcibly removed from the start line ! Dr. Eldridge Office Celebrates March as Women's History Month
Originally taken from The Huffington Post 2/28/2017 3:43 PM. Women in Health Slide Show
Dr. Virginia Apgar, M.D., (born in 1909, and died in 1974) is best known for developing a standardized system to evaluate the health of babies when they are born. The system, called the Apgar score, was developed in 1952 before the era of fetal monitors and involved looking at the infant's breathing, skin color, muscle tone, reflexes and pulse, according to the March of Dimes. Apgar was also the first woman to earn the title of full professor at the College of Physicians and Surgeons at Columbia University, in the year 1949. She was also director of the division of anesthesia at Columbia, and it was during her time there that she studied specifically obstetrical anesthesia, the National Institutes of Health reported. Ultimately, Apgar went on to become director of the division of congenital effects at what is now the March of Dimes. -- Amanda L. Chan
Today, close to half of medical school graduates are women -- but the first woman to earn an M.D. after her name was Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell, who achieved the milestone by graduating from New York's Geneva Medical College on Tuesday, January 23, 1849. Blackwell, who was born in England in 1821 and moved to the U.S. at age 11, also co-founded the New York Infirmary for Women and Children in 1857 and authored important books addressing women and medicine, including "Medicine As A Profession For Women" in 1860, according to her NIH bio. The NIH writes: In her book Pioneer Work in Opening the Medical Profession to Women, published in 1895, Dr. Blackwell wrote that she was initially repelled by the idea of studying medicine. She said she had "hated everything connected with the body, and could not bear the sight of a medical book... My favourite studies were history and metaphysics, and the very thought of dwelling on the physical structure of the body and its various ailments filled me with disgust." Instead she went into teaching, then considered more suitable for a woman. She claimed that she turned to medicine after a close friend who was dying suggested she would have been spared her worst suffering if her physician had been a woman. -- Laura Schocker
Antonia Novello M.D
First Female U.S. Surgeon General
Taken on 2/24/2017 The Huffington Post
Dr. Novello was appointed to her groundbreaking position as the first female -- and first Hispanic -- surgeon general in 1990 by George Bush. She was inspired to become a doctor by a medical condition of her own that could only be corrected with surgery. However, her Puerto Rican family couldn't afford the procedure until she was 18, according to the National Library of Medicine. During her three years in office, she focused on health issues among women, minorities and children, as well as underage drinking, smoking and AIDS, according to the U.S. Department of Health & Human Servies. She is recognized for "changing the face of medicine" on the NLM's website. -- SK
Taken on 2/24/2017 The Huffington Post.
Dr. Rebecca Lee Crumpler was the first African American woman to earn an M.D. in the United States.
She attended the New England Female Medical School (now Boston University School of Medicine) and graduated with a degree in 1864. After practicing in Boston, Crumpler moved to post-Civil War Richmond, Va., to care for freed slaves who would not have had access to medical care otherwise. Her book, Book of Medical Discourses, published in 1883, was one of the first medical publications written by an African American. While little information survives Crumpler, it is in her book we learn how her compassion for others and drive to enter medicine was inspired. She wrote, "It may be well to state here that, having been reared by a kind aunt in Pennsylvania, whose usefulness with the sick was continually sought, I early conceived a liking for, and sought every opportunity to relieve the sufferings of others.” -- Kate Bratskeir